Thursday, 23 November 2017

St. James's Park (ZSS)

St. James's Park is a tube station in central London. Above the station is the headquarters of Transport for London called 55 Broadway.

Information
Type: Transport for London
(Circle & District Lines)
Station code: ZSS
Opened: 1868
Platforms: 2
The station was opened by the District Railway in 1868 on its line from South Kensington to Westminster. The station was rebuilt twice in the first half of the 20th century to incorporate the building of office space for the London Underground railway companies. The last rebuild taking place in the late 1920s during the building of 55 Broadway [1].

In 1949 the station was part of the original Circle Line route (when it was a "circle"). The station is officially called St. James's Park though there have been variations of the name used previously with various attempts at punctuation, one of these signs (St. James' Park) is still on one of the platforms [2].
Station entrance

An S Stock train prepares to depart
Platform view

The stairway giving access to the platforms can be seen behind this S Stock train
55 Broadway

Designed by Charles Holden 55 Broadway replaced an earlier building called Electric Railway House used as London Transport's headquarters. 55 Broadway was London's first skyscraper (and tallest office building at the time) utilising art deco and arts & crafts movement design and motifs. The design was not without its critics (especially of its avant garde statues on the exterior [3]) though the building is now recognised as a classic and has been Grade I listed (as has St. James's Park station below it).

Transport for London had planned to move from 55 Broadway and new uses such as a hotel or apartments were suggested however the planning restructions due to the listed status have made these plans problematic and at the moment 55 Broadway remains a TfL building.

55 Broadway

Entrance on the station concourse

[1] Helen Divjak, 55 Broadway (London Transport Museum, 2016) p. 4
[2] Jason Cross, London Underground 2017 (Train Crazy, 2017) p. 153
[3] Paul Moss, London Underground (Haynes, 2013) p. 75